Your options seem to fall into 1 of several categories.
1) Work as post-doc, if you can find one. It pays low but probably better than many other options of waiting in limbo for an academic job. You may even get some health insurance benefits. If you go this route, you'll need to publish a lot, apply again every year (probably), and expect to work through 1 or 2 post-docs. Realistically you may need to do this for as long as 4-7 years to get somewhere. Expect to feel somewhat isolated and disconnected. Post-docs are more detached from things than your grad school experience was, and you won't have a peer-cohort to interact with. Your relationship to people you work with will be more formalized and role oriented. This changes relationships to more of an exchange type, where you provide something in exchange for the work that people you interact with do. It’s less communal and friendly, even if the post-doc is in a traditional psych department. If the post-doc is in a different setting than a psych department (many are), expect even more transition and adjustments. They can be in hospital, community health, and/or at research institutes.
The risk with going this route is that you will focus too much on pubs, effectively cutting yourself out of a R2 and SLAC market, by having not taught a bunch of classes in the meantime too! Be prepared to sell and explain why you want to teach more and care less about research, or how your strong research focus could be adapted to fit a 4:4 or 3:3 teaching load and working with meager research resources. And if you stick it out long enough (as long as 4-7 years), the jobs are so scares there is still only generally a 1 in 3 chance you will walk away with an academic job at the end of it all. (Search recent SCIENCE articles on “Over production of PhDs”, “the rise of post-docs”, and “over supply, low demand problems in academia”).
2) Adjunct teaching or try to land a visiting teaching position. The latter are scares and are often only for 1 year (or only 1 guaranteed year, with a "good chance" of renewing for up to 2-3 years" These extensions are not secure and I am not sure how often they actually get extended. I hope it is often, but don't know the data on that. So if you land a visiting teaching job, prepare to prep new courses and apply for jobs at the same time in the fall. Also, prepare yourself to move again in a short time. The former (adjunct teaching) are abundant and you could probably even find some in the place where you got your degree (for a few years at least). The plus side is that you are less likely to have to uproot your life again for a temp gig. The downside is that you will have no benefits, and will make very little pay. Recent reports suggest the average adjunct pay is $2300 per class. I've been able to find it for $3500 to $4300 per class, and so have others I know. If you can manage to teach 2 classes a semester for each year, you may be able to maintain your grad assistantship standard of living (which generally floats right around the poverty level of $14000 a year). This may seem doable coming out of grad school and you may experience an easier transition, but you loans will start coming due, and you will likely have no health or other benefits)
You may also need to scrounge across multiple schools to pull it off. Most of my friends have had to do this. DO NOT EXPECT ADJUNCT JOBS TO TURN INTO SOMETHING MORE! It’s important to know what the school/institution values you for. They may imply that a position will be created and that you will get dibs at it. If that position ever happens, you will compete against many others, and very often it will go to an outside person who fits better what they want for a tenured faculty member, not necessarily for a pinch hitter who fills odds and ends class gaps as needed.
If you go route 2, you'll be busy prepping classes, and in many of my friends cases scrounging to get multiple adjunct classes from semester to semester (across multiple local schools), and/or applying for tenure track jobs each year. You will have little time or sanity to work on pubs. You can get collaborators to pitch in and this will help you to maintain some kind of a research activity but don't expect much. If you go this route you may increase your teaching portfolio and make yourself more attractive to schools that focus primarily on teaching. But remember, there are many more out there who had the same idea, taught adjunct for a long time, and who will be competing with you. It could take a number of years, and still may not result in a long-term academic job. It may help to look over some recent news articles on adjuncts, how schools are relying on them, and how some adjunct profs are turning to food stamps to get by ( the rate has tripled since the recession) Try NPR or Chronicle of Higher ED to find some recent news on this issue.
3) Find a sugar daddy/mamma who has a career and can support you while you wait to start yours. This could be spouses, sig. others, and/or parents. This can help buy you some time and give you some stability (and keep you out of destitute poverty) while you wait and try annually to get an academic job. But it will try their patience and sooner or later they will likely get tired of waiting for you to get a job.
4) Find temp work to tide you over. This will likely involve something in the low-wage service industry, but will help pay your bills and maybe leave you with some time to apply for academic jobs, work on pubs, and/or beef up your teaching with some adjunct jobs. Expect the pay to be low for this kind of work; likely it will provide no benefits (health or otherwise).
5) Begin looking for another career path. This can be hard, jarring, disconcerting, and leave you with a sense of bewilderment about where to go next. Many psych programs only train us for R1 or R2 type research jobs, so it may be hard to envision anything else. But given the large odds against success in the academic market (or to put it in more promotion-oriented terms, the slim odds of success in actually getting an academic job), this may just be the most sane thing to do. Again, recent publications suggest that less than 1 in 3 PhD's today get a tenure track job within 6 YEARS of graduating, and the unemployment rate among PhDs is climbing! (Again, check out the recent Science article on this matter. And Google PhD unemployment, PhD supply-Demand, and the like. You would be surprised what turns up that you advisors never mention or have no clue about). One last point along this line, I was at a psych conference recently and went to a large dinner with students, faculty and alumni from psych graduate program that is consistently in the top 5 national rankings every year. When asked about the social program, an advisor said they had a graduating class of about 15; 9 were sticking around to do adjunct teaching and up their teaching profile to go after adjunct classes in the future; 6 tried their hands at tenure track jobs, and only 2 of them got one. And a third graduate was interviewing for a post-doc and was hopeful to get it.
If 9 out 15 are adjunction and only 2 out of 15 got tenure track jobs at one of the best programs in the country, what hope is there for the rest of us?
The good news about option 5 is that you could pursue it while doing any of the other 4 options. In this market, and with this long-term supply-demand problem in academia, it’s good to keep your options open. There is a book that others have mentioned on here called "What are you going to do with that"; it is very helpful. Also, check out www.versatilePhD.com. It can be very helpful to get a sense of what might be out there, where a psych PhD can apply his/her skills in other fields. Also, ask around from friends and acquaintances about what they do. Lots of possibilities open up, you just have to be open and look for opportunities. That said; expect it to take some time. The average unemployment period for people switching jobs in this economy is 9 months. But keep looking. It’s all you can do really! =0)~
I hope this helps give you a sense of your options.